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中考英语复习资料分享 [复制链接]

  下面整理了《中考英语复习资料:主动变被动的基本方法》,供同学们参考。更多中考英语复习技巧也可关注下北京新东方的中考英语课程,相信可以帮助到大家。
  主动变被动的基本方法:(说起来容易,掌握起来需要用心!)
  (1)主动语态中的宾语变为被动语态的主语。
  (2)谓语动词变为由“be + 过去分词”的形式,配合时态作相应变化。
  (3)主动语态主语置于介词 by之后,如无必需,则省略。
  (4)不及物动词没有被动语态。
  现 在 do (does) →am / is / are + done
  We keep the piano in the living-room.
  →The piano is kept in the living-room.
  过 去 did→was / were + done
  They built the bridge in 1980.
  →The bridge was built in 1980.
  将 来 will/shall do → will/shall + be + done
  He will read the book tomorrow.
  →The book will be read tomorrow.
  现在完成 have/has done → have/has + been + done
  We have delivered the newspaper.
  →The newspapers have been delivered (by us).
  过去完成 had done → had been done
  She had seen the film before she came here.
  →The film had been seen before she came here.
  将来完成 will/shall have done → will/shall have + been + done
  By the end of this term we shall have finished 80 texts.
  →By the end of this term 80 texts will have been finished.
  现在进行 am/is/are doing → am/is/are + being + done
  They are drawing the picture.
  →The picture is being drawn by them.< /p>
  过去进行 was/were doing → was/were + being + done
  He was reviewing their lessons at this moment yesterday.
  →Their lessons were being reviewed at this moment yesterday.
  情态动词 may may
  can can
  must must
  should do → should + be + done
  ought to ought to
  used to used to
  You must write an article on the subject.
  →An article must be written on the subject.
  测试精编
  1. Since the first space mission, many communication satellites ________.
  A. was launched B. are launched C. have been launched D. had been launched
  2. What kind of advice ________ you?
  A. has gave B. was gave C. had been given to D. has given
  3. The slave ________ from morning till night.
  A. madeto work B. was made working C. was made worked D. was made to work
  4. The construction of the laboratory ________ by the end of July.
  A. must be completing B. must complete
  C. must have completed D. must have been completed
  5. Your proposal ________ by the committee soon.
  A. is discussed B. has been discussed
  C. is going to be discussed D. will have been discussed
  KEYS
  1. C 2. C 3. D 4. D 5. C
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